Pune is the most industrialized area in western Maharashtra and a popular IT hub in the nation. Pune locale is all around associated with the state capital and encompassing headquarters through road and railway linkages. At present, Pune has one of the most noticeably awful public transport frameworks, among huge urban areas in India. The level of private vehicle possession is among the most elevated in the nation. The current streets in the city at present convey 8,000 suburbanites an hour toward every path usually. The city encounters high traffic during top hours that prompts crowding and extended periods of congested driving conditions alongside expanded contamination. As time passes, they are deteriorating.
With regard to traffic development inside the city, the BRTS supported by both PMC and PCMC has been a major disappointment. The Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Ltd. (PMPML) has not had the option to furnish a quality transport administration compared with the city's necessities, and it tends to be said no doubt that Pune's city transport is the least prepared amongst all big city in India – behind even those urban communities, which are minor than Pune.
Those long, disappointing hours in the unending rush hour traffic, hyper honkers, signal breakdowns - the traffic growls appear to be a never-ending and inescapable reality for Puneites. The causes behind the dreary traffic circumstance could be many. Fast industrialization and urbanization, the resultant ascent in the populace, slender streets that are not helpful for blended traffic conditions, etc. Transport framework by streets and flyovers are lacking to enable the dubious traffic to condition. Then again, there is no power over the ever-developing traffic. Thus, contamination and street mishaps are on the ascent, adding to the nerves of the city occupants and organization.
The Pune Metro intends to give an answer for the above issues by offering a protected and eco-friendly excursion with a half decrease in travel time. As the number of inhabitants in a city develops, a portion of public transport, regardless of whether road or rail-based, should expand. Experience has indicated that, in urban areas like Pune where streets don't have sufficient width and which take into account mixed traffic conditions including moderate and quick-moving vehicles, street transport can ideally convey 8,000 people for every hour per direction. At the point when traffic density expands beyond this level, the normal speed of vehicles descends, travel time increases, air populace goes up and commuters are put to an expanded level, of inconvenience. Along these lines when traffic thickness during prime hours crosses this figure, provision of Metro framework ought to be considered.
The Pune Metro rail contains three passageways. The development of the initial two stages is right now in progress, while the third stage was endorsed for development by the administration of Maharashtra. Pune Metro line one will start at PCMC assembling and end at Swargate, while line two will connect Vanaz and Ramwadi. The third line will begin at Hinjewadi and end at Civil Court in Shivajinagar. The Civil Court station will fill in as an exchange station between the lines one and two.
The 16.58km long track one will be served by 14 stations, which will incorporate five underground stations. Line two will have a length of 14.66km and will be served by 16 raised stations. Line three will
be 23.3km-long with 23 raised stations. The Hinjewadi to Shivajinagar Metro line will give the advantages to one of the busiest IT cities (Pune) on the planet and facilitate the travel time of local people. Additionally, when this phase will be prepared, individuals can without much of a stretch travel from Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad to Hinjewadi IT Park.
Pune Metro stations will include public and private territories, which are likewise alluded to as specialized zones. The open region will be additionally separated into paid and non-paid spaces. The paid regions of all stations will be introduced with elevators and lifts. Support stops and workshops for lines one and two will encourage normal upkeep works, booked examinations, just as minor and significant fixes, including redesigns. A stop close to Hill Range Station will serve line one, while the Kothrud Depot close Vanaz Station will serve line two.
Benefits of Metro System:
- It causes no air pollution in the city.
- Causes lesser noise pollution.
- Occupies no street space, if underground and just around 2 meters width of the street, whenever elevated.
- Carries the same measure of traffic as 5 paths of public traffic or 12 paths of private traffic, if it is a light limit framework.
- It is increasingly solid, agreeable, and more secure than a street-based framework.
- Reduces travel time by anything somewhere in the range of half and 75% relying upon street conditions.
The impact of such huge infrastructure improvement consistently turn out positive for the real estate sector. The commercial properties will consider to be developed as a progressive number of individuals would bear to travel a long distance for their occupations, a thing which is impossible with current traffic conditions. Residential properties in the nearby localities will likewise observe an increment sought after as to oblige to the spill from the developing population. Alongside that, there are plans for new business habitats, amusement spots, eateries, and shopping malls. Every one of these elements will bring about an expansion of land costs in the region of the project yet individuals will pay as it acquires comfort in their lives.
Social Impacts due to Pune Metro Projects:
1. Employment opportunities
2. Upgrade of economy
3. Mobile safety and reduced rate of accidents
4. Diminished traffic congestion
5. Decreased fuel consumption
6. Acquisition of land
7. Labor camps
8. Sanitation facilities
9. First-aid facilities
10. Traffic management
The metro would fill in as the lifesaver for the individuals of Pune's inhabitants and IT-ians the same, taking the goliath weight of driving through the commonplace traffic growls off their mind. Obviously that it would strengthen those spots' intrigue as one of the most attractive residential areas in the city of Pune. Around 50 lakh individuals in the Pune metropolitan zone would be profited by the venture with the essential development drivers like the development of the street network, expanded intra-city availability, and the arranged residential advancement on fringe locales. Ideally, the Pune Metro will essentially change the way individuals of Pune will drive later on and will likewise get financial advantages and livelihood along the course.